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Wednesday, April 22, 2020 

Classification Society DNV GL recognises that, due to the Covid-19 crisis, there are some vessels where the installation of scrubbers (exhaust gas cleaning systems, or EGCS) was not completed before the 1st March deadline as planned, and consequently will still have HSFO in their bunker tanks.

The society points out that there is no general procedure in place how to deal with ships, which are currently in dry dock for installation of EGCS, having non-compliant fuel oil on board. The IMO does not consider Covid-19 to fall under force majeure. In addition, the 'unforeseen delay' clause in MARPOL only applies to new buildings and not alterations/conversions.

This means that vessels without an approved EGCS which are carrying non-compliant fuel exceeding 0.50% Sulphur are in breach of MARPOL Annex VI. Vessels which are not able to de-bunker will need to find a solution acceptable to Port State Control (PSC) and the flag state. In such cases, MEPC.1/Circ.881 Guidance For Port State Control On Contingency Measures For Addressing Non-Compliant Fuel Oil applies.

For ships in this situation, DNV GL recommends a proactive, transparent and cooperative approach to the authorities. Enforcement falls to the port state, with the guidance stating that “the port State, the flag state and the ship should work together to agree on the most appropriate solution to address the non-compliant fuel.” This may imply de-bunkering or retaining the fuel on board.

In dealing with the bunker, PSC must evaluate and decide on “managing the non-compliant fuel oil in accordance with a method acceptable to the port state”. DNV GL’s advice is, in order to ensure no emissions to air beyond what is acceptable by MARPOL, to seal off the inlet and outlet valves of the tank containing the non-compliant fuel, noting the seal numbers and tank sounding in the oil record book (ORB) under “Additional operational procedures and general remarks”, all witnessed and endorsed by a DNV GL surveyor.

Prior to the de-bunkering or after completing the scrubber installation the same would apply, breaking of the seal should be witnessed and the ORB endorsed accordingly and any receipt for delivered fuel should be filed on board in the ORB. This should be followed up with a Condition of Authority, or a short term IAPP, depending on flag instructions.

DNV GL recommends that if a vessel has HSFO on board due to a delay in EGCS installation, it is vitally important for owners and operators to proactively contact PSC and inform them of the situation, being transparent and cooperative in order to implement any required contingency measures with the acceptance of PSC and the flag.

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